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Business process control (BPM)

Business process management (BPM)

Literature Review

2.1 Definitions

2.1.1 What’s Business Process Management?

Business Process Control (BPM) was influenced by concepts and technologies from organization administration and computer research. BPM acquired its root in process-oriented trends and was cared for as a control philosophy since mid 1990s (James F. Chang, 2006; Mathias Weske, 2007). Research investigating BPM have been completed several management guidelines and methods were associated. Many of these concepts were similar to Business Procedure Reengineering (BPR) and Total Top quality Management (TQM) concepts.

In the book Business Process Management: Principles, Languages, Architectures, Mathias Weske had quoted from Davenport, who defined business process as:

“a set of logically related jobs performed to achieve a defined business outcome for a particular customer or market.”


“a specific ordering of work actions across period and place, with a start, an end, and clearly discovered inputs and outputs.”

However, Mathias Weske (2007) had adopted description as:

“A business process includes a set of activities that will be performed in coordination within an organizational and technical environment.”

These activities come together to make a business goal became achievable. Each and every business process is performed by an individual company, but it may interact with business processes performed by others.”

From the business process description, Mathias Weske (2007) got defined the concept of BPM as:

“Business process management includes concepts, methods, and techniques to support the look, administration, configuration, enactment, and analysis of business processes.”

The basis of BPM acquired explicit representation of business process with their activities and execution constraints between them. When BPM described, people could evaluation, improvement and enactment with BPM. In traditionally, business process had manually executed as typical by knowledge personnel, restrictions of enterprise, and installed procedures. In the present day, company had more more benefits by apply IT like Business Process Administration System (BPMS) when coordinating activities involved by business procedure.

2.1.2 What’s Business Process Management Program (BPMS)?

According to explanation of James F. Chang (2006), BPMS is

“a fresh class of software that allows corporations to devise process-centric it solutions. Process-centric means BPMS solutions can easily integrate people, devices, and data”.

BPM fills the gap between the wide-open, unstructured world of collaboration and the precise transaction processing of enterprise applications. It has become widely realized that essential enterprise processes routinely cross the boundaries of business applications. Procedures like order-to-money or procure-to-pay may involve several enterprise applications such as spending orders in CRM, ERP creating invoices and buy orders, and managing creation and fulfilment in SCM.

BPM, especially in blend with services that may move data in and out of enterprise applications and other details sources provide a way to clear define, manage, and automate functions that span enterprise applications. BPM as well allows processes that bring in people and systems from beyond your firm to the defined process. In this manner, BPM supports processes that take place across a protracted business network.

The personalities of processes presently automated by BPM will be as follows:

2.1.3 What allowing expectations and technology support BPMS?

When analyzing and adopting BPM technology, two standards are referenced over and over: BPMN and BPEL. To fully understand what BPM technology does, it is necessary to understand the role of these and other expectations, which provide a common infrastructure for method modeling and automation.

2.1.4 What’s Business Process Modelling?

Business process modelling may be the skill of describing how do the job is performed in a company at the appropriate level to achieve the desired communication. The normal goals of business procedure modelling are to fully capture a process so that it might be better understood and improved upon or even to describe a process at length and associate it with technology in order that it could be automated.

A business process style in general is simply a description of a business procedure. Visual business products are description of the guidelines that take place during a process and frequently represent in flowcharts like the one shown in Number 3, although other types of models such as numerical equations or systematic techniques are also quite often used.

2.2 Main functions of BPMS

Here is a list of the most common elements and control mechanisms that are involved in application assembly.

These main features would supply the basis for analysis of BPMS platforms.

2.3 BPMS systems evaluation

From the key functions of BPMS, the writer has evaluated four platforms to support the implementation level. These four platforms had been Drools 5, jBPM 4.3, OSWorkflow 2.8, and ARIS. The critical analysis framework has been mentioned in the main functions of BPMS within this chapter. The evaluation framework included:

The marking guidance has included at appendices. The advice provided descriptions for every mark from 0 to 10.The investigation of BPMS features marked these systems base on the analysis framework and marking assistance therefore ploted to charts.

2.3.1 Drools 5 – Business Logic Integration Platform

Drools was a open-source business rule administration program (BRMS) with a onward chaining inference based rules engine, more correctly referred to as a production rule program, using an enhanced implementation of the Rete algorithm. Adapting Rete to an object-oriented interface permits more healthy expression of business guidelines in relation to business items. Drools is created in Java, but able to operate on Java and .NET. Drools has been supported by JBoss since 2005 and renamed to “JBoss Guidelines”.

Drools 5 have been released on, may 2009. The primary goals of this release were introducing Complex Function Processing (CEP) engine (in Fusion module) and workflow capacities (in Flow module). On the release of Drools 5, it has changed brand from Business Rule Supervision System (BRMS) to Business Logic integration Platform (BLiP) with modules:

  1. Drools Guvnor (BRMS/BPMS)
  2. Drools Expert (guideline engine)
  3. Drools Flow (procedure/workflow)
  4. Drools Fusion (function processing/temporal reasoning)


The platforms had Drools Expert; it had been an excellent rule engine, created as the first-class module at heart. The platform received ten marks for business rule function since it had long time creation and matured enough for creation environment.

Drools Guvnor combined with Drools plug-in on Eclipse were exceptional at BRMS and editor. The combination help user quickly draw; manage styles on both World wide web and desktop IDE (integrated develop environment). It helped the platform received eight marks for modelling equipment, nine marks for model repository, and eight marks for centralized task management.


The documentation of platform did not have any mention about web service on complete program. That meant the platform didn’t support web provider either BPEL standard.

According to the state user guidebook at Drools webpage, the integration capability with OpenBravo ERP and OSWorkflow were still under developing at period this survey conducted. The program received one mark for integration function.

2.3.2 jBPM 4.3

jBPM is a system for executable process languages ranging from business process control (BPM) over workflow to program orchestration. jBPM helps three unique process languages. Each one is targeted towards a specific jj thomson atomic model function and environment.


jBPM builds each one of these process languages natively along with a single technology: the procedure Virtual Machine (PVM). Even as the BPM industry converges towards new criteria, the purchase in jBPM is secured; the PVM foundation will remain stable.


The helping of BPEL has provided jBPM an excellent marks (eight) at world wide web program function. Support BPEL in addition has meant this platform great in integration with legacy systems.

The ability of generate web form for human interaction workflow was the good function that included in jBPM. This potential contributed seven marks for interface widget function.

Modelling, repositories, and centralized job management were the advantages of jBPM. This system developed some plug-in for Eclipse to generate the Graphical Procedure Designer. This process gave the energy of Eclipse to organization process on both graphical modelling and debugging.


The investigation shown the weakness of jBPM was the lacking of simulation tools. Simulation tools helped procedure designer in bottle-neck solving. The simulation function of jBPM was under growing at time of this report conducted.

2.3.3 OSWorkflow 2.8

OSWorkflow is a mature open-supply Java workflow engine. It really is mainly targeted at the programmer and not an end user or organization analyst. For the finish user or business analyst, it offers a user-friendly visible workflow modeller designed limited to basic usage.


The power of OSWorkflow revealed at modelling equipment and


2.3.4 ARIS



2.3.5 Conclusion

2.4 Summary

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Posted by on January 21, 2018 in News


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